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【石家庄新闻网】百年恰是风华正茂

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zuozhe:houdongyu,jiusanxueshesheyuan,yaboappfangzhifuzhuangxueyuanfuyuanzhang

2021nianshizhongguogongchandangchengli100zhounian,zheiyinianbijiangzaizhongguolishishangliuxianongmozhongcaideyibi。“zhongguogongchandanglizhiyuzhonghuaminzuqianqiuweiye,bainianqiashifenghuazhengmao!”zoudezaiyuandoubunengwangjilaishidelu,huimoubainiandangshi,jianzhengweidafuxing。

junzhuangjishiyizhongfushiyeshiyizhongwenhua,qilishibaohanlerenmenduijunshiyuzhanzhengdelijie。tongguoduidangshixuexi,huiguzhongguogongchandangzhengrongsuiyue,lejieleyaboappjiandangyihoudehongjunfushideyanbian,lejielezhanzhengshiqijunduidefuzhuangfazhan,keyikandaozhongguogongchandangchengliyilailijinjianxindeguocheng,zaizhongguogongchandangchengli100zhounianzhiji,xueshimingli、xueshizengxin、xueshichongde、xueshilixing,zuoweizhongguogongchandangtonglihezuodeqinmiyoudang,jiusanxuesheshizhongguoteseshehuizhuyicanzhengdang。tongguoxuexikeyishenhuawomendesixiangzhengzhiyinling,shiwomengengjiajinmidituanjiezaiyixijinpingtongzhiweihexindezhonggongzhongyangzhouwei,fengyutongzhou,wanzhongyixin。

junzhuangdebianqian

bainianneizhongguojunfudeyanbianguocheng:zaoqihongjunjunfu——hongsijunjunfu——balujunjunfu——xinsijunjunfu——jiefangjunjunfu——50shilujunjunfu,50shilujunxiaoguanfu,50shihaijunxiaoguanfu,50shikongjunxiaoguanfu——55shihaijunzhanshifu——65shilujunzhanshifu——74shishuibingxiafu——97shichunqiuchangfu——07shichunqiushibingchangfu——07shimicaifu。

junzhuangdegexin

1927nian8yue1ri,nanchangqiyideqiangsheng,xiangquanshijiexuangao:zhongguogongchandanglingdaodeyizhixinxingderenminjunduidanshengle。1928nianchu,zaizhude、chenyilvlingxia,gongnonggemingdisijundiyishishouxiandachulehongsefutouheliandaodejunqi,tongshijunfushangyeyouhonglingzhanghehongxiudai,tamenbeidangdiqunzhongqinqiedechengwei“hongjun”。1928nian4yue,tamenyumaozedonglvlingdehongjunchenggonghuishi,hebianweigongnonggemingjundisijun。1932nianhougedidehongjunjunzhuangjibenquxiangyizhi。shangyiweihuisezhongshanzhuang,sigedaigaijiakoudemingdai,lingkoushangzhuiyifuhongbulingzhang,junmaoshibajiaomao,maohuiweihongbuwujiaoxing,xiayizeshiyouchashoukoudaidexizhuangshijunku,jibenshangshizhongshanzhuangdeyangzi。1947nianliubochengxiangchuleyigehaobanfa,yongwankouhualinghuxian,jiejuelejunfulingzibuheshendewenti。zaigezhongtubanfadebangzhuxia,shejichulebijiaohetidejunfu,yejiushi50shilujunjunfu,rutu1-8。

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tu1 zhongguogongchandangdaxianglewuzhuang

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tu2 qiyijunchuandeyifuhedaidemaozi

fankangguomindangfandongpaidediyiqiang   (tupianchuchu:nanchanggemingjinianguan)

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tu3 balujundejundayi(zuo)hechenku(you)maozi(tupianchuchu:yierjiushijinianguan)

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tu4 1939niandehongjunjunzhuang

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tu5 lidajiangjunchuanguodejunzhuang

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tu6 balujunzhanshidehuxiong

(tupianchuchu:yierjiushijinianguan)

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tu7kangkeqingchuanguodeyifuhexiezi

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tu8 jiefangjundexiezi

(tupianchuchu:xibopobowuguan)

cong1965niandao1985nian,65shijunfujiqigaijinxing71shi、74shi、78shizhengzhengshixingleershinian,shirenminjiefangjunzhuangbeishijianzuizhang、fafangshuliangzuidadezhishifuzhuang。65shijunfuyu55shijunfudezhuyaochabie:yishijianhualepinzhong,quxiaoledayanmao、qunfu、maoliaofudeng,yougaihuibufenchangfu、lifudedanyixilie;ershisuoxiaolechabie,ganbu、zhanshiyiyangdehongwuxing、hongmaohui,yilvchuanbujunzhuang,danhuadengjiguannian。lujuncaolvse;haijunshenhuise;kongjunshangyicaolvse,kuzizanglanse。

junzhuangdejinbu

20shiji80niandaichu,suizhewoguozongheguolidezengqiang,muyuzhegaigekaifangdechunfeng,kuanshidanyi、meiyoujunxiande65shijunfuyijingzhujiangenbushangxinshidairenminjunduidefazhanbufa,yinci,womenjixuzaiwaijiaoshangjiegui。1980nian3yue12ri,dengxiaopingzaizhongyangjunweichangweikuodahuiyishangshoucitichujunduihaishiyaogaojunxianzhi。youci85shijunfuyingshiersheng,rutu9。

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tu9 zhongguorenminjiefangjun85shijunfu

85shijunfudechuxiansuiranshizhongguorenminjiefangjunjunrongdedaolejiaodagaiguan,querengshiyizhongdanyidejunfutixi。yu65shijunfuyiyang,85shijunfutongyangzhiyouchangfu,meiyoulifuhezuoxunfu,wufamanzubuduizuozhan、xunliandebutongyaoqiu。yingyixiadezhanshidedongxiachangfuyongliaoyemeiyoudedaogaijin。danzuoweiguodude85shijunfuhaishiweixinyidaijunfudeshejiheshengchanjishudiandinglejichu。1987nianzai85shijunfudejichushang,shejiyanfalegengjushiyongxingdexinshijunfu,bingbeizhengshimingmingwei“zhongguorenminjiefangjun87xiliefuzhuang”,rutu10。

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tu10 zhongguorenminjiefangjun87xiliefuzhuang

87xiliefuzhuangshoucijianlilelifu、changfu、zuoxunfuhegongzuofudengsigexilie,jiejuelebuduiguanbingzaizhixingbutongrenwushichuanzhebutongfuzhuangdewenti。cengjingdelilinggaiweifanling,mianliaoyebianchenglefangmao,tishenglezhezhuangdangci,yuxinjunxianxiangshiyingdejunxianjianzhang,junzhongfuhao,bujinkeyiqingxidiqufenchuxianzhi,haiqidaoledianzhui、meihuajunfudexiaoguo。87xiliejunfushizhongguorenminjiefangjunjunfudeyidatupo,biaozhizherenminjunduijunfufazhandadaoleyigexindegaodu,duizhongguorenminjiefangjunjunfuxiandaihuazhengguihuajianshechanshengleshenyuanyingxiang。

zhidao2007nian,suizhe07shijunfuhuanzhuangquanjun,zhongguorenminjiefangjunjunfuzhongyuyinglaileyicilishixingkuayue。yu87shijunfuxiangbi,07shijunfushouciyinruledanbingjunfudexiliehuashejilinian。zhongyu,zaijianjun80zhounianzhiji,zhanxinde07shijunfuzhengshihuanzhuangquanjun,rutu11。

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tu11 zhongguorenminjiefangjun07shijunfu

junzhuangdefanghua

junzhuangyouruyimianjingzizheshechurenleishehuilishifazhandeguiji,zhujiuleshidaijingshen,gongguleminzuganqing。tongguofenxibainianlaijunfudeyanbianguocheng,womenshenkerenshidaowodangdeweidayiyi,zhongguogongchandanglijinjianxin,weishenmeyidingyaoduijunfujinxingtongyigaige?junfudetongyi,bujinyouzhuyuzhongguogongchandangduijunduideguanli,erqiezaizhanzhengzhonghaiyouzhuyuqufendiwo,duizuozhanzhanshidexingdonghechongfengjuyouyidingdebangzhu。

junfuyeshiyigeguojiajunduizuozhannengli、junrensuyangdejizhongtixian。suizhegaoxinwuqizhuangbeidexunsufazhan,tigaoxinxingzuoxunfudezonghefanghuxingneng,shijunfujuyoufangdan、fangzhenshi、fanghuaxue、fangxijun、fangfushe,yijidiaowen、diaoshi、diaoqidengduozhongduoyangdegongneng,yichengweijunfufazhandeshouyaowenti。20 shijiyilaijunfuyijingbaituolemianzhiwu、maozhiwu、maopidengcailiaodexianzhi,gengduodezheyanyufuhecailiaodeyingyong,zheixiecailiaoshejidaotongqixing、kangshuixing、jushuixingdeng,yingyongyugeleijunfuzhong,bujinrangjunfubiandetingbayouxing,erqieshiqiyongyoulegengduodegongneng,weizhongguorenminjiefangjunxiandaihua、zhengguihuatigonglezhongyaobaozhang,rutu12-14。

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tu12 zhongguoxiandainvjunjunfu

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tu13zhongguoxiandaihaijunjunfu

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tu14 zhongguoxiandaikongjunjunfu

muqian,woguojunfushejizaigongnengxingyanjiufangmianfazhanxunmeng,chulecaiyonggegengjiaquanxindecailiaoyiwai,zaishejishangyebiyiqiangengjiazhuangzhong,erqiezaifushidebianhuashanggengqiangdiaolezaibutongchanghedechuanzhe,xiandaijunduidezuozhanfuyeyoulehendadegaishan。zuozhanfutongyongshumamicaifushizuiweichangjian,qiepeifajiaoduodeyikuanmicaizuozhanfu。qiyiliaoshangdemicaicaiyonglesanzhongsexi,jilvse、molvseyijibaisehuoqianhuangse。sanzhongsexitongguoxiangsubandexixiaofanggezuchengledaxiaobuyiqiebushenguizedezhongdietuan。ciwai,zuozhanfushangbushaomoshutie、baohudiandesheji,bujinzengjialechuanzheshibingtigandeshushixing,yegenghaodiweichuanzheshibingtigonglebaohu,rutu15。

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tu15 tongyongshumamicaifu

zhongguojunfufazhandaoxianzai,libukaizhongguogongchandangdelingdao。tongguolejiejunfudeyanbianlishi,womendezhixianzaidexingfulaizhibuyi,xianzaidechengjiubukexiaoqu。xiandaihuadejunfuweiwuzhuangyan,shizaidangdelingdaoxiabuduanjinbude,daibiaolezhongguozhengzaidangdelingdaoxiabuduanchangsheng,junduizhengzaidangdelingdaoxiabuduanzhuangda。

tongguodangshixuexi,laojigemingxianbeidefenggongweiji,chixuxuexidangdejingshen,jiashenminzhudangpaiyaoyuzhongguogongchandangfengyutongzhou、rongruyugongderenshi,tongguojunfudebianqian,shenkelijiezhongguogongchandanglingdaodeduodanghezuohezhengzhixieshangzhidudelishibiranxing、weidaduchuangxinghejudayouyuexing,gengjiajiandinglezouzhongguoteseshehuizhuyizhengzhifazhandedaoludexinxinhejuexin。

zhongguogongchandangdeyibainian,shilaojichuxinbuwangshimingdeyibainian,shilijinjianxindianjiweiyedeyibainian,shichuangzaohuihuangkaipiweilaideyibainian。yibainiandexinghuoliaoyuan,yibainiandewanlizhengcheng,yibainiandejiangshanduojiao,yibainiandexinyangchuancheng。yibainiandezujibubuqingxi,zhengdaiwomenqianpuhouji。xuexidangshi,lingwusixiang,shishiqiushi,kaituochuangxin。zaizhongguogongchandangyibainianhuadanzhiji,womenyingyiyouliangdezuofengheyouyidechengjiyingjieshengdian,xianlibainian。

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